My child is planning a trip to Canada. Can my child travel without a parent or a legal guardian?

Children under the age of 18 are considered minors in Canada and must follow the same rules to enter Canada as any other visitor, therefore they need the eTA

When a child arrives, a border services officer may ask to see other documents besides the passport. For example, if a child is travelling alone, the child should present: 
- a passport (a parent’s passport cannot be used, even in case the child’s details are included in it), 
- a copy of the birth certificate, 
- and a letter of authorization written in English or French if possible, which needs to be signed by both parents or by their legal guardian. The letter should contain the parents’ (or legal guardian’s) address and telephone number, and the name, address and telephone number of the adult who will look after the child in Canada.
If a child is travelling with only one parent, the child should present:
- a passport, 
- a copy of the birth certificate, 
- and a letter of authorization in English or French if possible, which needs to be signed by the parent who is not travelling with the child. The letter should contain the address and telephone number of the parent who is not travelling, and a photocopy of that parent’s signed passport or national identity card. 
If a child is travelling with a legal guardian or adoptive parents, the child should have a copy of the guardianship papers or the adoption papers (whichever one applies).

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